late Golden Age and Early Classical age of Ancient Greece, from 520- 323 BCE women’s rolls varied significantly between
the two main Greek city states Athens and Sparta. The role of women
displayed a large difference in the way women were portrayed in their society. Both cultures were different in many ways,
the males and females were raised very differently and they had different duties to perform. For example adultery by Spartan
women was tolerated and encouraged in their society on the other hand however adultery by Athenian women was out of the question
and would have many sever consequences. Compared to the Spartan women Athenian women were considered unimportant in many ways.
Athenian women were classified in three different classes. The classes were as follows the lowest classes which were the slaves,
the citizen class and finally the Hetaerae. On the other hand Spartan women were taught reading and writing, they were also
expected to protect themselves. Spartan women were different from other Greek women. Spartan women were depicted as warriors
because of their responsibilities of owning and protecting their property.
speaking this topic is important to learn about to see that even in the Ancient times when Women were treated differently
than they are in modern times. The rights and the treatment of women in Ancient Greece varied from city state to city state. For example in Ancient Athens a woman was the queen of the domestic realm at not much
else, while in Sparta she controlled her relationships as her husband was never there and went about her affairs as she pleased.
If her husband was absent for too long she could find a new one, rather than having a new marriage arranged for her by a relative.
As where if this were to occur in Athens she would have to
move back in with her father. Athenian women and Spartan women lived extremely different lives except when it came to religion.
Religion was their only common ground, their lives were completely different and their roles in society were also different.
Women in Sparta had a much greater control of their destiny than did their sisters in Athens, while they were treated equally with each other and men in religious
rituals that is where the equality ended.