The above artifact
is a section of the Parthenon Frieze from the Parthenon in Athens. This
frieze was sculpted some time around 440 BCE. In the frieze one can see that
there are several female attendants to the priestesses. The artifact demonstrates
that in Athens like in Sparta
women were afforded full participation in religious activities. This included
but was not limited to festivals and various other religious rites including offerings.
It is important to take note that women were serving as priestesses to the goddess Athena, as this was a largely male
Athens and Sparta differed in many areas, particularly the treatment of women. However, when it came to religion both worshiped a goddess as their primary deity. In Sparta they worshipped Artemis, where as in Athens they worshiped the goddess Athena. Considering
the many marked differences that existed between women in Athens and Sparta in terms of their rights it is quite striking that they would have the same rights
when it came to religion. It would seem that in the Ancient Greek cities of Athens and Sparta women and men were
equal when it came to religion.